Farm irrigation systems are an essential part of great crop productivity, although they can be costly to run. Irrigation requires some form of power, whether that is electricity, gasoline, or diesel. When added to water costs, it is obvious that irrigation is a costly yet very necessary part of farming in some areas. Today’s irrigation system services offer the most efficient farm irrigation systems available; however, there are other ways to increase efficiency. With good system management and learning about the best ways to save both water and fuel yet get the most crop yield, irrigation system services offer the recommendations referenced below for improved efficiency.
What Are the Goals of Farm Irrigation?
Obviously, the main goal of farm irrigation is to keep all plants appropriately watered so they produce as large a yield as possible. Yet there are numerous underlying goals that any growing operation should consider to keep costs down and crop yield up. So irrigation efficiency should be a prime concern for saving on energy costs, reducing water consumption, and protecting the environment. There is more to farm irrigation than simply getting the job done. As with anything else, it is key to get it done in the most efficient way possible and with the right farm irrigation systems and practices.
Efficient Irrigation Technology
Plant species and needs
Soil composition and drainage
Field size and shape as well as many other specifications
Additionally, growers must ensure they are using the right pumps for their systems by addressing equipment considerations such as pump size and output as well as worn pumps and valves that cause reduced efficiency. Irrigation system services also see improved efficiency by switching high pressure systems to lower pressure versions, with more water actually reaching plants and less lost to evaporation, which leads to lower overall water and fuel consumption.
Efficient Irrigation Practices
Regardless of which systems are used, a critical factor is understanding how these systems should be set up and programmed for greatest efficiency. It is also necessary for growers to continuously monitor the condition of their farm irrigation systems and replace worn nozzles, hoses, and other parts that can reduce system efficiency. Above all, critical water and energy savings can be found by knowing a system’s net water application rate and how to adjust it based on irrigation needs. Growers should also know how to check the moisture levels of their soil and how to seasonally monitor irrigation rates in comparison to moisture rates to make any adjustments. Experienced irrigation system services understand that improving efficiency requires ongoing monitoring and adjustment. These systems cannot just be set and forgotten.
Although it may seem like a great amount of effort to put into the monitoring and maintenance of farm irrigation systems, those growing operations that do so will experience improved overall system efficiency. Irrigation system services that sell different irrigation products can explain some of the important ways for growers to increase their irrigating efficiency. By maintaining systems properly and monitoring irrigation rates, it is possible to conserve both water and fuel for increased crop yield and profits!