Irrigation of agricultural crops and fields is an essential Texas and worldwide requirement, with as much as 40 percent of all food produced across the globe coming from irrigated fields. Irrigation systems require a large amount of both fresh water and energy to function. Keeping energy use as low as possible through the installation of efficient irrigation systems means production costs can decrease. Using technologically-advanced equipment from local irrigation system services is one of the best ways to reduce irrigation energy consumption, although other important ideas should be considered for greatest overall efficiency.
Use the Right Irrigation Equipment
Whenever possible, low pressure irrigation systems should be chosen over high pressure ones. The ability to do this depends on the type of crop, the condition of the soil, and other relevant factors. It is recognized that drip and micro irrigation systems as well as low-pressure sprinklers consume less energy. Savings of up to $50 per acre each year can be achieved by using a low-pressure system for crops that grow well with these irrigation systems.
Along with using a low pressure system, it is essential for ag irrigation systems to use the right size water pumps, as either over or under-sized pumps waster energy through inefficient water delivery. All fittings on the pumps and the entire system should be accurate to avoid a negative effect on pump operation and increase energy consumption.
Keep Equipment in Good Condition
Worn irrigation equipment or any that needs repair is another significant cause of energy waste. Worn parts, particularly on pumps, reduce mechanical efficiency by making pumps and other parts use more power to achieve the same results that could otherwise be done. Using well-designed, durable pumps as well as properly maintained irrigation systems offers increased efficiency and control when watering. Over-watering wastes water and energy operating costs, while under-watering decreases the potential crop yield. A well-tuned pump and properly installed irrigation system can avoid such results.
Regular inspection of irrigation equipment as well as knowing how to determine energy efficiency is important. This includes understanding: how to gauge water usage; monitor soil moisture levels; monitor net irrigation rates for used equipment; and how to adjust irrigation levels based on plant requirements. Needless to say, any irrigation system repairs should be promptly completed.
There is much to know about successful irrigation system usage to achieve efficient and effective agricultural irrigation in Texas. Conservation of both energy and water depends on factors such as: using the right irrigation system design; knowing how efficient operations can give the highest yield with lowest cost; and keeping equipment functioning properly. For additional information on quality irrigation system parts or how to troubleshoot and repair current systems to increase water and energy efficiency, contact a local irrigation systems services specialist today!